Academic and Administrative Reforms : విద్యా మరియు పరిపాలనాపరమైన సంస్కరణలను గురించిన మార్గదర్శకాలు జారీ

File No.ESE02/290/2022-SCERT


Present : Sri. S.Suresh Kumar, IAS 

Rc.No.ESE02/290/2022-SCERT         dated: 04/04/2022

Sub: School  Education – Implementation  of  Academic  and Administrative reforms in the State – Certain guidelines Issued.

Ref:      1. G.O.Ms.No.13, Education (Rules), dated 08.01.1986.

2. The Andhra Pradesh Civil Services (Classification, Control, and Appeal) Rules, 1991.

3. G.O.Ms.No.54, Education (Ser V), dated 01.06.2000.

4. Academic Calendar 2021-22

5. Observations of the School Education higher officials during their visits to schools.

6. Govt. Memo. No. 1628508/Services-I/A1/2022-1 dated 18.02.2022.

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All the Regional Joint Directors of School Education and District Educational  Officers  in  the  state  are  aware that  the  government has undertaken several reforms  in the  school education sector for  the bright future of  the children studying  in schools and for  their transformation as global citizens.

2.      The  National  Education  Policy  2020   proposes   the   revision   and revamping  of  all  aspects of  the  education,  including its  regulation and governance, to create a new system that is aligned with the aspirational goals  of  21st-century education including SDG4 (Quality Education),  while building upon India’s traditions and value systems.

3.     Andhra Pradesh government has initiated Mana Badi-Nadu Nedu to upgrade the infrastructure  and  create conducive learning  environment in schools. Through Ammavodi, Jagananna Vidya Kanuka and Jagananna Gorumudda, government  is ensuring  all basic  needs for  education. Now it’s   time  to  ensure  adequate  learning  outcomes  among  the  children through effective classroom transactions.

4.      In  the  reference  5th   cited,  it  has   been   observed   by  the   state authorities  and senior officers  of  the  School Education  department that some Headmasters and teachers are not following the minimum roles and responsibilities that have been defined in the reference 3rd cited and other duties assigned by the authorities from time to time.

5      It  is an accepted  fact that  any  reform  in school  education can be successfully implemented at the field level by the teachers only. Teachers are the direct facilitators who interact with the children and impart them knowledge.

6.     Given the above circumstances, the following guidelines  are issued for  ensuring quality of education through  adequate class-specific learning outcomes among the students.

A. Lesson Plan:

a. Every teacher  should  prepare  lesson  plan  afresh  of  their  subject every  year  duly  following the  model  prescribed  in the  Academic Calendar 2021-22, duly incorporating the latest developments in the concerned subjects.

b. The  earlier  practice  of   noting  reflections  every year  rather  than writing the lesson plan is hereby cancelled with immediate effect.

c. Lesson  plans  should be  prepared  innovatively  according   to  the standards of the students and the best practices observed from time to time and they should not be mere copy of the past lesson plans.

d. Every lesson  plan  should address the expected/prescribed  learning outcome  duly defining  the  teacher  activity, student  activity, TLM used and the digital content/resource available.

e. Every lesson  plan  should  reflect  the QR  codes  in  the  respective lesson.

f. Every teacher  shall  follow the suggestions given  by the Headmaster concerned in connection with his/her classroom observation.

g. Every teacher  shall  maintain his lesson  plan book duly incorporating the current affairs,  updated information  about the topic  concerned like scrapbook  and the latest  digital  source.  The digital  source shall be disseminated to the children for  their reinforcement.

h. The  lesson  plan  shall  address  the  individual  differences  of   the students and the remedial learning suggested.

i.  The  lesson  plan  shall  be approved by the Headmaster  concerned before commencing the lesson.

j. Lesson plans shall build upon students' prior knowledge.

k. When planning for  lessons, most of  us focus on the content taught, whereas the ideal  lesson  plan  allows  for   more flexibility,  clarifies doubts,  allows time for  students' involvement  and prompts teachers to reflect.

l.  Planning is an integral part of the teaching process. It helps teachers to get more organized, feel confident  and be focused on their  goals. Writing the lesson plan is an essential component of such a process. Because  it will  act as the road map that guides teachers’  practices and helps them achieve the goal.

m. The lesson plan can be a powerful teaching resource to support students to learn and improve by incorporating open ended questions, critical thinking, allowing students to interact etc.,

B. Headmasters:

a. All Headmasters  should scrupulously  follow the guidelines  regarding academic, supervision  and administration as envisaged in G.O.Ms.No.54, Education (Ser V), dated 01.06.2000.


b. The  Headmaster   should  ensure  the  activities  suggested  in  the reference 3rd cited regarding preparation of Headmaster’s room, preparation of  the classroom,  resource  mobilization, monitoring and supervision,  planning  of  co-curricular  and extra-curricular  activities without fail.

c. The  Head  master  should set  the  standards  of   the  school   and evaluate  him/herself  continuously  to ensure that the goals  set are achieved by the end of the academic year.

d. The  Headmaster   should  always   update  him/herself   by  adopting latest advances in technology.

e. The Headmaster should conduct the staff meeting  in an innovative manner   by  focusing   the  analytics   on  the  learning   outcomes, classroom observations,  demystifying the  learning  outcomes  etc., duly recording  and disseminating  the minutes. Every staff meeting should first  discuss  the action taken on the previous minutes and that the action is complete in all respects.

f.  The Headmaster  should ensure  that  all teachers keep their  mobiles in switch of mode / silent during the classroom transaction.

g. The  Headmaster  should attend  the  schools  at least  15  minutes before the scheduled time and leave the school only after confirming that  all  children  have  left,  all  properties are  safely  secured  and everything is fine and under control.

h. The Headmaster  should follow the  protocol  during  the visits  of  the higher officials, Public Representatives and the other dignitaries in a befitting  manner and should appraise them the activities, programs, that are being  practiced  in the school  including the standards of  the school and the students.

i. The Headmaster should conduct the Parent Teacher Meetings  in a planned manner so that all parents will have the opportunity to know about the academic progress of  their  wards. Parents  should have opportunity to interact with subject teachers of their wards.

j.  The   Headmaster    should   prepare   school    specific    action   plan regarding   academics,  co-curricular   and  extracurricular   activities along with administration to ensure that the goals set are achieved.

k. Head master  should ensure  that the Academic  Calendar  prescribed by government is strictly followed and all the activities indicated are taken up appropriately by all teachers.

l. The  Headmaster  should  allocate  co-curricular  and extra-curricular periods to teachers based on their capabilities and interests.

m. Headmasters  should focus on the  handwriting  and cursive  writing skills among students and adopt innovative methods to  improve the same.

n. Headmaster  should understand that “Child is not the reason for his/her low performance’ . Teachers should be made aware of  it and take responsibility for  the performance of their students

o. The Headmaster  should  maintain  rapport with the  Village  Secretariat  in order to have convergence with all line departments in the village.

p. The   Headmaster    is   responsible    for    the  school    property   and infrastructure including its maintenance.

q. The  Headmaster  should ensure  that  the  safe  drinking  water   is provided to the  students  and it  is   tested  from time  to  time,  in convergence with the RWS department.

r. The Headmaster  should ensure that the school  evacuation plan  is in place  and displayed  at a prominent place  for  the information  of  all, along  with the school  and student safety  protocols  that are to be meticulously followed.

s. The Headmaster  should enquire about the students who are absent for  a long period of time through the Cluster Resource Person (CRP)/ Education   and   Welfare  assistant   of   Village   /   Ward  Secretariat concerned.  He should  also   approach the parents in case  of  long absenteeism of students.

t.  The Headmaster should utilize the digital infrastructure properly with utmost  care and ensure  that  it is made  available  for  digital  learning of students.

u. Headmasters  should organize career  counseling  for   students from class VIII on wards, duly involving teachers and parents

v.  The Headmaster should scrupulously follow any instruction issued by the higher authorities from time to time.

w. HM  should  involve all teachers in the administrative activities and monitoring of government programs like Jagananna Gorumudda, JVK, School and Toilet maintenance etc.

C. Teachers:

a. Teachers   should   scrupulously   follow  the   guidelines     regarding academic  and  classroom  administration  as  envisaged  in G.O.Ms.No.54, Education (Ser V), dated 01.06.2000.


b. Teachers  should follow the timetable  prescribed  by the Headmaster concerned.

c. Teachers should write standard lesson plans as suggested at point A of these guidelines.

d. Teachers   should  be  good  communicators,  listen   well,  focus  on collaboration, adoptable, engaged, to show empathy, have patience, instills confidence, manage the classroom effectively,  come to class prepared to teach, set high expectations, practice self-reflections, use teaching strategies and to be a role model to the students.

e. Teachers should be unbiased towards students in respect of gender, caste, community,  disability and should address the learning  levels of students appropriately with out any discrimination.

f.  Teachers  should  have  analytical  report  of   the  assessments  and should develop student specific action plan for  remedial teaching.

g. Teachers  should come to the school  well  in advance to attend the school assembly and to extend their co-operation  in conduct  of  the assembly in a smooth manner.

h. Teachers   should  present  their   lesson   plans   to  the  Headmaster concerned for  its approval.

i.  Teachers should follow the suggestions given by the Headmaster on the classroom observations.

j.  Teachers  should attend the staff meeting  without  fail and  to  take necessary action on the minutes of the meeting.

k. Teachers    should  attend   the   Parent  Teacher    Meetings    if    the Headmaster requires the presence of the respective teacher.

l.  Teachers should evaluate the assessment answer scripts in time and post them online within stipulated time.

m. Teachers   should   adopt  the  learning   outcome-based  teaching   learning process.

n. Teachers  should focus on the digital  learning  through the available digital infrastructure and to make the students to go through the QR codes provided in textbooks for  their reinforcement in academics.

o. Teachers    should   cooperate    with   the   Headmaster    in   school administration and to ensure the appropriate   class specific  learning outcomes among the students.

p. Teaches  should keep  their  mobiles  in  silent  mode /  switched  of mode while they are in classroom transaction.

q. Teachers should have their specific plan for  remedial teaching and to administer the plan after school hours.

r. Teachers  should  follow the  guidelines  suggested in the  academic calendar  prescribed  by  SCERT, AP  and  implement  the  activities prescribed.

s. Teachers  should  give  open  ended  questions to  students  and  to provide the opportunity for  critical thinking.

t. Teachers  should adopt  the  positive  behavior  strategies  such  as setting  challenging  goals  for   learning,  making  expectations  clear both orally and in writing, setting consequences for  non-completion of  work, encouraging  students to write  and  speak  well, discussing class progress and communicating the importance  of  high academic standards to students.

u. Teachers   should  encourage  the  gifted   students  in  participating competitive  examinations  duly  providing  the   appropriate   study material to them and to make aware of various careers.

v.  Teachers  should maintain  a good rapport with the Headmaster  and other co-teachers to create a healthy  learning  environment to the students.

w. All Teachers should scrupulously follow any instruction issued by the Headmaster concerned and higher authorities from time to time.

Academic Monitoring Officers:

a. Academic  Monitoring  Officers  in the State  should scrupulously  follow the guidelines / job chart suggested by the Samagra Shiksha and to ensure the academic standards and learning  outcomes among the students.

b. AMOs  should  visit the  schools  regularly  and provide the academic support to the teachers, students.

c. AMOs  should  disseminate  the analytics  on the  assessments  and follow up on the low  performed schools.

d. AMOs   should   support   the   District  Educational   Officers,   Deputy Educational  Officers  and Mandal  Educational  Officers  for  their  visits to school in respect of academic monitoring.

e. AMOs should scrupulously follow any instruction issued by the higher authorities from time to time.

f.  AMOs  should participate  in the reviews conducted by the  District Educational Officers concerned and to disseminate the district report card   to  all  the   field   functionaries   regarding   academics  of   the students and should held  responsible  for  the academic standards of students and their learning outcomes in their respective districts.

Mandal Educational Officers / Deputy Educational Officers

a. MEOs /DyEOs should  focus  on  academic  monitoring  during  their visits to school.

b. DyEOs /  MEOs should  take  a  model  classroom transaction  during their  visit and  to disseminate  the  good  practices  observed  in that school  to all the  Headmasters  and teachers in their  jurisdiction. If any lapses  are observed,  they should be noted in their  visit remarks and must ensure   follow-up on their recommendations.

c. DyEOs  /   MEOs  should  ensure  that  every  Headmaster   has  the analytics  on the assessments conducted in their  respective schools and the remedial teaching / learning is planned.

d. DyEOs / MEOs should encourage the students for  their  participation in competitive examinations and other co-curricular and extra- curricular activities.

e. DyEOs /  MEOs should  scrupulously  follow any instruction  issued  by the  District Educational  Ofcers  concerned and  higher authorities from time to time.

f.  DyEOs  /  MEOs  should participate  in the  Parent  Teacher  Meetings randomly to the  extent   possible  and to ensure that  parents are aware of their students academic standards.

7.      All  the  Regional  Joint  Directors  of   School  Education  and  District Educational Officers in the state are requested to disseminate the above guidelines   to   all  DyEOs,  MEOs,  Headmasters   and  Teachers   with  an instruction  to follow them  and  to ensure  appropriate  learning  outcomes among the students without any learning  gap.  The  action  taken  on the above aspects  will  be  reviewed by the  undersigned  and its  successful implementation  will  be given  due weightage  in the  Annual  confidential reports of the DEOs and RJDs.

8.      The Director  SCERT    should be aware that  Government of  Andhra Pradesh  vide Go.Ms.No.41,School Education (PE), Prog.I (Dept.) dated  30-7-2010 notified  the SCERT  as Academic  Authority  for   School  Education under  section   29   (1)   of    the    Right   of    the   children    to  Free  and Compulsory Act,2009 for  the curriculum and the evaluation procedures for elementary  education.   The  government  further  directed  the SCERT   as academic authority,  to perform various  academic activities as per section 29 (1) of the RTE Act.

9. Hence he is requested to develop  an academic monitoring  mechanism and to issue guidance  and support  to all the field functionaries regarding academic monitoring  based on the learning  outcomes and standards of the  students  assessed.  Director  SCERT   will   held   responsible   for   the academics standards of  the students in the state and to ensure that all students in the state attain  the class/ age appropriate  learning  outcomes in their respective class. He is also directed to develop an assessment and incentive   framework  for    the  teachers,  based  on  the  best  practices available  across the country. It  should, among other things, necessarily include  the learning  outcome among the  students,  remedial  measures adopted for   slow learners,  positive  behavioral  changes among students and teachers, development of social and collaborative skills etc.,

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Download G.O.Ms.No.54, Education (Ser V), dated 01.06.2000 Click Here

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